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Create List Column in SharePoint using CSOM

The example in this topic show how to use CSOM to Create List Column in SharePoint
  • Please follow the steps below to execute the code in Visual Studio using Console Application. You can customize the solution according to your requirements.
  • Check the article to Connect to SharePoint context using CSOM. This is very helpful if you are doing any programming in CSOM.
  • Don't forget to use the assemblies as mentioned in the code.

How to run CSOM code in SharePoint?

  • Open your Visual Studio.
  • From the template, select Console Application as shown in the screenshot
  • Select the .Net Framework version from the top drop-down as well. You can also change the .Net Framework after creating the solution.
  • Enter Project Name, Location and Solution Name and click on OK.
  • create console application using Visual Studio
  • Now your program.cs file will open. Copy the code in main function.
  • Once you are done with your code, just hit F5 or Run the application.

  • using Microsoft.SharePoint.Client;
  • using System.Linq;
  •  
  • using (ClientContext clientContext = new ClientContext("http://MyServer/sites/MySiteCollection"))
  • {
  • // clientcontext.Web.Lists.GetById - This option also can be used to get the list using List GUID
  • // This value is NOT List internal name
  • List targetList = clientcontext.Web.Lists.GetByTitle("List Name");
  •  
  • // It is very important that we don't specify any space in field internal name.
  • // If you want the method to consider your internal name and NOT the display name, you need to specify "AddFieldOptions.AddFieldInternalNameHint" as an option in below line of code
  •  
  • //// AddFieldOptions ////
  •  
  • // 1. defaultValue - specify that a new field added to the list must also be added to the default content type in the site collection.
  •  
  • // 2. addToDefaultContentType - specify that a new field added to the list must also be added to the default content type in the site collection.
  •  
  • // 3. addToNoContentType - specify that a new field must not be added to any other content type.
  •  
  • // 4. addToAllContentTypes - specify that a new field that is added to the specified list must also be added to all content types in the site collection.
  •  
  • // 5. addFieldInternalNameHint - specify adding an internal field name hint for the purpose of avoiding possible database locking or field renaming operations.
  •  
  • // 6. addFieldToDefaultView - specify that a new field that is added to the specified list must also be added to the default list view.
  •  
  • // 7. addFieldCheckDisplayName - specify to confirm that no other field has the same display name.
  •  
  • Field oField = targetList.Fields.AddFieldAsXml("", true, AddFieldOptions.AddFieldInternalNameHint);
  •  
  • clientcontext.Load(oField);
  • clientcontext.ExecuteQuery();
  • }

Thank you for reading this article. This code was tested in SharePoint 2013

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